One million fewer short-time workers

Around 4.6 million people are on short-time work. The number is still high, but has decreased significantly since the corona-related industrial standstill in the spring.

A traffic light warns drivers of crossing pedestrians on the way to the employment agency.

Dhe number of short-time workers in Germany fell below the five million mark in August, according to an estimate by the Munich-based Ifo Institute. According to this, 4.6 million people nationwide were on short-time work, one million fewer than in July. The Ifo Institute announced on Tuesday.

This means that the number of short-time workers is still very high, but has fallen significantly again since the corona-related industrial standstill in the spring. In May there were still over 7 million short-time workers. The estimate is based on a survey of 9,000 companies across Germany for the institute’s monthly economic forecast.

The state with the most short-time work – both in absolute numbers and in percentage terms – is still Bavaria, where around 990,000 people were on short-time work. This corresponds to a share of 17 percent of all employees subject to social security contributions. With a share of 16 percent, Baden-Württemberg follows in second place, where an estimated 750,000 employees were not fully active.

“In countries with a large automotive and supplier industry as well as metal processing and mechanical engineering, a lot of short-time work continues to be implemented,” said Ifo labor market expert Sebastian Link. In absolute numbers, the most populous state of North Rhine-Westphalia was in second place with 940,000 short-time workers.

According to the Ifo Institute, the least short-time work is done in Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg, with short-time work each of 10 percent.