Four indigenous leaders are murdered every month in Latin America for defending their rights

12 June 2020
Sustainable Development Goals

There are 1,223 territorial conflicts in the region. The repression and criminalization of indigenous peoples who defend their rights has led to the murder of hundreds of their leaders. Latin America calls for an end to the culture of privilege that naturalizes inequalities, discrimination and urges to build multicultural societies.

According to a new joint study by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the Fund for the Development of Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean, the more than 800 indigenous peoples of Latin America they must play a leading role in decision-making spaces. This role should not only serve to defend their right to self-determination, but also for the outstanding contributions they can make in the reformulation processes of development models

Although it is more than three decades since the adoption of the Convention on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples of the International Labor Organization and that the Latin American States fully recognized their rights, the indigenous peoples of the region, some 60 million people who represent a 10% of the total population continues to be one of the groups with the greatest arrears in economic and social matters, despite the great progress made in this area in Latin America.

The vaccine is sustainable development

The report highlights that one of the main challenges for the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean is to build “institutionally pluricultural, diverse, inclusive, equitable and non-discriminatory societies“, Where the rights of indigenous peoples are recognized and guaranteed.

According to the document, one of the ways to achieve this is through the application of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, “if in the next ten years due and adequate attention is paid to the harmonization of its Objectives and the corresponding goals with the collective rights of indigenous peoples ”.

For this reason, he urges to create the “legislative, institutional, political and economic conditions that reflect existing diversity“And make effective the commitment” to recognize, respect, promote, promote and not undermine in any way the rights of indigenous communities and to defend the principles of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples “, a commitment assumed by the countries in 2014 in the framework of their World Conference.

OIT / R. Lord
Indigenous women on a street in La Paz, Bolivia

Conflicts over land claims grow

The executive secretary of the Commission, Alicia Bárcena, highlighted that the 1223 current territorial conflicts generated mobilizations that obtained in response “Repression and criminalization”, such as the murders of 232 defenders of indigenous territories between 2015 and the first six months of 2019. Those figures represent an average of four murders per month in the region.

We must end the culture of privilege that naturalizes inequalities, discrimination and that we have inherited from the Colony.

Bárcena recalled that the level of poverty of the indigenous population is higher than that of the non-indigenous, and that the wage inequalities between both population groups are greater according to the “level of education and gender.”

“We must end the culture of privilege that naturalizes inequalities, discrimination and that we have inherited from the Colony. We have to overcome the culture of privilege and go to a culture of equality that especially respects the great wealth of indigenous peoples. Abya Yala (America in the Guna language) is a land in full maturity, with vital blood and where it is urgent to guarantee the rights of indigenous peoples ”, he stated.

The report offers an updated panorama on the situation of land and forest rights, demographics and the right to well-being of indigenous peoples in Latin America, with the aim of supporting the follow-up of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and actions urgent to accelerate the fulfillment of the commitments assumed by the countries of the region.

12 June 2020
Sustainable Development Goals

There are 1,223 territorial conflicts in the region. The repression and criminalization of indigenous peoples who defend their rights has led to the murder of hundreds of their leaders. Latin America calls for an end to the culture of privilege that naturalizes inequalities, discrimination and urges to build multicultural societies.

According to a new joint study by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the Fund for the Development of Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean, the more than 800 indigenous peoples of Latin America they must play a leading role in decision-making spaces. This role should not only serve to defend their right to self-determination, but also for the outstanding contributions they can make in the reformulation processes of development models

Although it is more than three decades since the adoption of the Convention on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples of the International Labor Organization and that the Latin American States fully recognized their rights, the indigenous peoples of the region, some 60 million people who represent a 10% of the total population continues to be one of the groups with the greatest arrears in economic and social matters, despite the great progress made in this area in Latin America.

The vaccine is sustainable development

The report highlights that one of the main challenges for the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean is to build “institutionally pluricultural, diverse, inclusive, equitable and non-discriminatory societies“, Where the rights of indigenous peoples are recognized and guaranteed.

According to the document, one of the ways to achieve this is through the application of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, “if in the next ten years due and adequate attention is paid to the harmonization of its Objectives and the corresponding goals with the collective rights of indigenous peoples ”.

For this reason, he urges to create the “legislative, institutional, political and economic conditions that reflect existing diversity“And make effective the commitment” to recognize, respect, promote, promote and not undermine in any way the rights of indigenous communities and to defend the principles of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples “, a commitment assumed by the countries in 2014 in the framework of their World Conference.

OIT / R. Lord
Indigenous women on a street in La Paz, Bolivia

Conflicts over land claims grow

The executive secretary of the Commission, Alicia Bárcena, highlighted that the 1223 current territorial conflicts generated mobilizations that obtained in response “Repression and criminalization”, such as the murders of 232 defenders of indigenous territories between 2015 and the first six months of 2019. Those figures represent an average of four murders per month in the region.

We must end the culture of privilege that naturalizes inequalities, discrimination and that we have inherited from the Colony.

Bárcena recalled that the level of poverty of the indigenous population is higher than that of the non-indigenous, and that the wage inequalities between both population groups are greater according to the “level of education and gender.”

“We must end the culture of privilege that naturalizes inequalities, discrimination and that we have inherited from the Colony. We have to overcome the culture of privilege and go to a culture of equality that especially respects the great wealth of indigenous peoples. Abya Yala (America in the Guna language) is a land in full maturity, with vital blood and where it is urgent to guarantee the rights of indigenous peoples ”, he stated.

The report offers an updated panorama on the situation of land and forest rights, demographics and the right to well-being of indigenous peoples in Latin America, with the aim of supporting the follow-up of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and actions urgent to accelerate the fulfillment of the commitments assumed by the countries of the region.