According to a UN report, the largest platforms on the Internet grew by more than 20 percent in 2020. Shopify from Canada is the newcomer of the year. Not all platform employees benefit from the success.
Dhe 13 largest online platforms in the world grew rapidly in the past year. In 2020, they sold goods worth 2.9 trillion dollars (2.4 trillion euros), an increase of 20.5 percent, as the UN Conference on Trade and Development (Unctad) reported in Geneva on Monday. In the previous year, the increase was 17.9 percent.
Shopify from Canada was therefore the climber of the year: The company practically doubled its business to 120 billion dollars according to these figures. According to Unctad estimates, the share of e-commerce in global retail sales rose from 16 to 19 percent last year. The share was highest in South Korea: 25.9 percent, followed by China (24.4) and Great Britain (23.3). In the US it was 14 percent. Unctad did not have any data for Germany.
According to this information, the largest online trading platform in the world in 2020 was the Chinese company Alibaba, followed by the American provider Amazon and JD.com from China. Overall, the 13 largest companies included seven from the USA, four from China and one each from Canada (Shopify, 5th place) and Japan (Rakuten, 10th place).
American companies at the forefront
Global e-commerce sales of goods and services could only be estimated for 2019: 26.7 trillion dollars according to Unctad data, four percent more than in 2018. Of this, 4.9 trillion dollars was accounted for by online trade with consumers ( B2C – Business to Customer), the rest, 82 percent, were business to business (B2B). In total, B2B and B2C together accounted for 30 percent of global gross domestic product.
According to Unctad estimates, US companies made by far the largest sales in 2019 with B2B and B2C transactions in goods and services: together just under 9.6 trillion dollars. Behind were Japan and China. In online trade with consumers (B2C), China was ahead of the US and – far behind – the UK with sales of $ 1.5 trillion. Germany was in 7th place in each case. Unctad stated total German sales for 2019 at $ 524 billion, and in B2C business at $ 111 billion.
Strikes on Amazon
Meanwhile, there are again strikes at the online retailer Amazon in Germany. The Verdi union called workers in seven German shipping centers to go on strike. The employees should stop work during the night from Sunday to Monday in Leipzig (Saxony), Rheinberg and Werne (North Rhine-Westphalia), Koblenz (Rhineland-Palatinate), Graben (Bavaria) and at two locations in Bad Hersfeld (Hesse). “The union is demanding that the group recognize the collective agreements for retail and mail-order businesses and conclude a” good and healthy work “collective bargaining agreement,” said Verdi on Sunday.
“In the collective bargaining rounds of the various federal states, we are demanding salary increases of 4.5 percent plus 45 euros for a period of twelve months. In addition, no hourly wage may be less than 12.50 euros, ”said Orhan Akman, who is responsible for retail and mail order at Verdi.
Amazon rejected the criticism. “In fact, Amazon already offers what you are asking for: excellent wages, excellent additional benefits and excellent career opportunities – and all of this in a safe, modern work environment,” the company announced. The group does not expect Amazon customers to feel the work stoppages. Strikes had hardly had any impact in the past.